A Nigerian journalist took photos on the scene of killings his executive denies. Then the harassment started


The photos showed blood-soaked concrete, a gashed begin thigh, and an injured protester grimacing in grief on the ground. Taken by photojournalist Eti-Inyene Godwin Akpan on October 20, 2020, the photos give an explanation for the legend of Nigerian forces’ mass taking pictures of anti-police brutality protesters at Lagos’ Lekki Toll Gate, an incident the executive continues to pronounce.

365 days after Mr Akpan printed the photos on social media, he planned to level to them in Lagos at a museum level to marking the anniversary of the protests against police brutality that swept Nigeria late closing year. However he postponed the hide indefinitely after receiving two calls summoning him, with out explanation, to the local offices of Nigeria’s Insist Safety Providers (SSS, also called DSS), a federal security agency.

“I now sleep with one investigate cross-check closed, attempting to explore my support each second,” Mr Akpan told CPJ in a phone call. “They know I know some issues and I in actual fact have some photos…”

The calls got right here minutes after Mr Akpan gave a are living interview on local TV about his work documenting the 2020 protests. Akpan stated that he requested the callers for a formal, emailed summons. He feared that with out it, the SSS might maybe well well mistreat him or address him for a protracted duration with out internet entry to to a prison expert or his family, the form of behaviour that CPJ has documented in the past. The calls echoed intimidation methods he stated he confronted a year earlier following his posting on social media regarding the toll gate taking pictures – methods that led him to temporarily hover the country.

Reached by CPJ by messaging app, SSS spokesperson Peter Afunanya denied that his agency called Mr Akpan in early October 2021. He also pushed aside considerations over the SSS’ ancient past of detaining journalists.

“Upright in entrance of my eyes, I saw pointless our bodies,” reads the caption on Mr Akpan’s Instagram put up from the October 2020 taking pictures that killed protesters, per local and world media and rights groups. It used to be the deadliest incident in closing year’s protests, identified because the Finish SARS motion – a reference to the protesters’ call to dismantle Nigeria’s Special Anti-Robbery Squad unit.

Journalists covering the issue motion were crushed, confused, and fined by law enforcement. One reporter, Onifade Emmanuel Pelumi, used to be discovered pointless at a mortuary on October 30, 2020; he used to be closing viewed alive in police custody after he covered unrest all the draw by the protests in Lagos.

Pictures of the Lekki Toll Gate killings are particularly sensitive, Mr Akpan told CPJ, because they contradict the executive’s myth. In a press convention, Nigerian Minister of Recordsdata and Tradition Lai Mohammed marked October 20 this year by calling it “the principle anniversary of the phantom bloodbath,” which took space “with out blood or our bodies.” Closing year the Nigerian navy admitted it frail are living rounds on the toll gate, nonetheless stated its forces finest shot into the air.

After Mr Akpan first printed the photos, he told CPJ that anonymous callers pressured him to salvage down the Instagram put up and replace it with one announcing the photos were counterfeit. He stated his bank myth used to be frozen and that SSS agents arrived at his space of job buying for him, which SSS spokesperson Afunanya denied.

After that, Mr Akpan decided to label mates’ suggestion to pass away the country. Within the times sooner than he fled, Mr Akpan told CPJ that he believed the photos he had captured might maybe well well make a contribution to the ancient sage of the protests. However to guard this proof for future generations and proceed his work, he needed to be effective.

He fled to Ghana by crossing over land by Benin and Togo – a droop of tons of of miles facilitated by CPJ and Maxime Domegni, an editor with the World Investigative Journalism Network.

Mr Akpan did no longer know somebody in Benin or Togo. Nor did he discuss the local languages of those two francophone worldwide locations. However CPJ launched him to 2 local investigative journalists — Igance Sossou in Benin and Ferdinand Ayité in Togo – whose succor would level to priceless.

Messrs Sossou and Ayité have both confronted reprisal for their work and told CPJ in separate interviews that they agreed to succor Akpan out of journalistic team spirit.

“I understand the threat hanging over journalism in the West African sub-space,” Mr Sossou, who used to be arrested in late 2019, imprisoned for six months, and fined over social media posts, told CPJ by messaging app. “Even as you happen to is prone to be a journalist who skilled what I skilled between 2019 and 2020 in Benin, you is prone to be basically sensitive to the case of Eti-Inyene.”

After Mr Akpan slipped all the draw by Nigeria’s western border, he met Mr Sossou in Cotonou, Benin’s economic capital. Mr Sossou stated he assisted Mr Akpan with changing his cash into local currency and discovering a automobile and driver to transport him to Togo’s border, which Mr Akpan crossed on foot sooner than discovering a cab to Lomé, Togo’s capital.

Mr Ayité, whose newspaper, L’Different, has been many situations suspended and who continues to face harassment by authorities, told CPJ he met Mr Akpan in Lomé. Mr Ayité arranged and paid for Mr Akpan’s dinner and overnight lodging as smartly as a bike driver who might maybe well well safely navigate the border with Ghana the following morning. Once all the draw by, Mr Akpan caught a bus from the Aflao border town to Accra.


“We are correct journalists and we now don’t have any borders. Wherever one in every of us is threatened, all journalists are concerned,” Mr Ayité told CPJ. “Solidarity must always be the cardinal rate of our profession and I screech that right here’s what guided Ignace Sossou and my modest self to come to the help of [Akpan].”

Mr Akpan told CPJ that his whisk all the draw by Togo and Benin would were “so complex, if no longer inconceivable” with out this help. “I would were attacked or duped,” he stated. “It used to be an improbable collaboration.”

After arriving in Accra, a chum helped Mr Akpan internet lodging. He stayed in hiding for four months nonetheless decided to come to Nigeria in February 2021. The stresses of exile, exacerbated by the pandemic, made him strive against with loneliness and depression, he stated.

“I felt that there used to be tranquil work for me to kind in Nigeria. These reports [of the protests] tranquil have to learn,” Mr Akpan stated, adding that he originally kept some distance off from telling his mother and sisters of his return because it would kind them anguish. With out reference to one sister’s suggestion never to space foot support in Nigeria, he felt that the protests had diminished enough to diminish the threat. However the intimidating calls returned this October, as Mr Akpan promoted his checklist exhibition.

Mr Akpan told CPJ that the callers claiming to be SSS agents never sent him an emailed summons, as he had requested. After their calls, he acquired other calls from of us asking him questions about his pictures. He stated the of us claimed to be ability customers, nonetheless when he requested the callers send their small print over electronic mail, they never followed up, compounding his fears. He stated he now takes extra precautions to bag his communications and retailer his knowledge.

But, Mr Akpan has no longer stopped attempting to sage ancient events. He went out along with his digicam on this year’s October 20 anniversary to checklist a memorial marking the Lekki Toll Gate killings, where journalists were again attacked by police. The team spirit he skilled over the closing 12 months has given him courage and strengthened his dedication to speaking the truth, he told CPJ. “I leisure assured that I’m no longer alone,” he stated.

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